Archive | August, 2012
Video

Mae West as portrayed by Julie Warren

27 Aug

While working on my suffragette, I found this really cool website similar to ours. It’s a group of females making videos and writing stories about all sorts of women in history, not just politics. This was just one of my favorites but they have a lot of other videos where people portray women from the past. Very interesting.

http://www.lkwdpl.org/wihohio/index.html

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Profile in Courage: Anne Martin

27 Aug

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Anne Henrietta Martin was born in 1875 to large family in Nevada. She was educated at an all-girls school and went on to study at the University of Nevada. She received another bachelor’s degree and her Masters from Stanford University. Into the early 1900’s she continued her education in many places, traveling the world.

After her father’s death in 1901, she traveled to London and took part in the British suffragist movement, even being arrested for participating in a demonstration. Ten years later she returned to Nevada and became the press secretary and eventually the president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association who lobbied for and won ratification of women’s suffrage in 1914.

Later, Anne Martin went on to stay active in the suffragist movements and served on the executive committees of the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage and National American Woman Suffrage Association. In 1916, she was chosen as the first president of the Woman’s Party of Western Voters. During the elections of 1916, she actively spoke to boycott the Democratic Party unless they agreed to support the women’s suffrage amendment. She ran independently for the US Senate in 1918 and 1920.

After the passage of the women’s suffrage amendment, Anne Martin became an activist for the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom. She died in 1951. She stated that she became a feminist after the dismissal of her business acumen in favor of her brother’s after their father’s death. 

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Voting

27 Aug

Voting

Just a little something I saw on Facebook

PROFILE IN COURAGE: Lucretia Mott

27 Aug

Lucretia Mott: antislavery advocate and women’s rights activist. A major force in nineteenth-century American life.

Lucretia Coffin Mott was born on January 3, 1793, to Quaker parents in the seaport town of Nantucket, Massachusetts.
Marriage:
James Mott and Lucretia Coffin married in 1811. James was in the cotton and wool trade, but later focused only on wool trading as a protest against the slavery-dependent cotton industry in the South. Between 1812 and 1828 Mott bore six children, of whom five lived to adulthood.
Highlights:
She began to speak at Quaker meetings in 1818, and in 1821 she was recognized as a minister in the Society of Friends in Philadelphia.
In 1848, Mott witnessed the birth of the women’s rights movement in the historic Seneca Falls Convention which issued the women’s Declaration of Sentiments, a call for equal treatment of women. Mott presided over the Seneca Falls meeting and was the first to sign the Declaration.Throughout the turbulent 1850s, Mott continued her speaking and engaged in further antislavery and non-resistant activities. She worked with other antislavery leaders such as Fredrick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, and Lucy Stone.
She began Swathmore College in 1984, and in recognition of her long service to the women’s rights cause, she was chosen first president of the Equal Rights Association in May 1866.
At 85 years of age, Mott delivered her last public address when women’s rights advocates celebrated the 30th anniversary of the Seneca Falls convention in Rochester. Mott remained a leader in women’s rights organizations until her death on November 11th, 1880.

Quotes:

“The world has never yet seen a truly great and virtuous nation, because in the degradation of women, the very fountains of life are poisoned at their source.”
“Liberty is not less a blessing, because oppression has so long darkened the mind that it can not appreciate it.”

Profile in Courage: Harriot Eaton Stanton Blatch

27 Aug

Harriot Eaton Stanton is the sixth of seven children. She attended Vassar College, where she graduated with a degree in mathematics in 1878. Harriot marries William Henry Blatch, Jr. in 1882, and lived outside of London for twenty years. They had two daughters, the second of whom died at age four. In 1881, Harriot Stanton worked with her mother and Susan B. Anthony on the History of Woman Suffrage. She contributed a major chapter to the second volume, in which she included the history of the American Woman Suffrage Association, a rival of Stanton and Anthony’s National Woman Suffrage Association. This action would help to reconcile the two organizations.
While in England, she worked with English social reform groups, including the Women’s Local Government Society, the Fabian Society, and the Women’s Franchise League. In the Women’s Franchise League, she developed organizing techniques that she would later use in America.
On returning to the United States in 1902, Blatch sought to reinvigorate the American women’s suffrage movement. In 1907, she founded the Equality League of Self-Supporting Women (later renamed the Women’s Political Union), to recruit working class women into the suffrage movement. She could organize militant street protests while still working expertly in backroom politics to neutralize the opposition of Tammany Hall politicians who feared the women would vote for prohibition.
The Union achieved significant political strength, and actively lobbied for a New York state constitutional amendment to give women the vote, which was achieved in 1917 after Tammany Hall relaxed its opposition. In 1915, Blatch’s Women’s Political Union merged with Alice Paul and Lucy Burns’ Congressional Union, which eventually became the National Woman’s Party.
During World War I, Blatch devoted her time to the war effort, heading the Women’s Land Army, which provided additional farm labor. In 1920, she published A Woman’s Point of View, where she took a pacifist position due to the destruction of the war.
After the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920, Blatch joined the National Woman’s Party to fight for passage of the Equal Rights Amendment, rather than the protective legislation supported by the Women’s Trade Union League. During the 1920s, Blatch also worked on behalf of the League of Nations, proposing improvements for the amendments to the League’s Covenant.
In 1939, Blatch suffered a fractured hip and moved to a nursing home in Greenwich, Connecticut. Her memoir, Challenging Years, was published in 1940 and she died shortly after.

PROFILE IN COURAGE: Amelia Bloomer

27 Aug

I am personally very grateful that I don’t have to wear dresses every day. Thanks to the work of many women, including advocate Amelia Bloomer, we aren’t required to wear anything we don’t want to. Although the women’s rights activist didn’t invent bloomers, she increased their popularity. Bloomer advocated for equal rights in all aspects of life, including dress code, in her bi-weekly publication The Lily:

“The costume of women should be suited to her wants and necessities. It should conduce at once to her health, comfort, and usefulness; and, while it should not fail also to conduce to her personal adornment, it should make that end of secondary importance.”

The clothing was ridiculed by the press, and eventually Bloomer stopped wearing the costume that had since been nicknamed after her (called the Bloomer Costume or bloomers). However, her work towards equal rights and more comfortable clothing led to reform movements in clothing and eventually the ability for women to wear the same clothing as men.

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Bloomer began publishing The Lily in 1849 and it eventually reached a circulation of 4,000. It has become a model for other publications focused on woman’s suffrage. It was a voice for many women reformers including her contemporaries Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony.

She wrote for a wide array of periodicals her entire life and led suffrage campaigns. Unlike many women, her husband encouraged her writing and she wrote for his newspaper, the Seneca Falls County Courier. She served as president for the Iowa Woman Suffrage Association for three years.

A Profile in Courage: Matilda Joslyn Gage

27 Aug

Matilda Joslyn Gage was born on March 25, 1826. She grew up in a abolitionist household that was part of the Underground Railroad. He parents were both supporters of liberal social reforms. Her father was a doctor and educated her at home for the first part of her childhood. She also learned from exposure to scientists and philosophers that were friends of her parents. When she was a little older, her parents decided that she need a more formal education so they sent her to the Clinton New York Liberal Institute.

Her schooling ended at 18 when she married businessman Henry Gage. They had four children and eventually settled in Fayetteville, New York. She and her husband were both liberal social reformers and allowed their home to be used as part of the Underground Railroad. Gage continued her own education. For example, she wanted to be able to read the original version of the Bible so she taught herself Hebrew. She also worked to further other social reforms such as temperance.

She began her fight for women’s suffrage in 1852 when she delivered a speech at the Third National Women’s Rights Convention in Syracuse. The speech focused on the accomplishments of women throughout history. It also talked about the need for women to escape the economic and legal restrictions put on women by society. She stressed this by using a parallel between women’s oppression and slavery. She helped found the National Woman Suffrage Association in 1869. She helped Susan B. Anthony in 1873, who had been arrested for trying to vote in New York, try to convince the jury of the worthiness of their cause. She even went before Congress in 1875 to testify in favor of a suffrage bill that was under consideration. When the bill did not pass, she wrote a protest. It was distributed at the next NWSA convention in 1876 and encouraged women to not participate in the upcoming continental celebrations because she claimed that the US was not a democracy but an unequal power-system controlled by men. This angered government officials and the sent police to shut down the convention, calling it an illegal assembly. Gage refused to stop the convention and said she would continue it from jail if necessary. In May of that year she decided to hand her post to Elizabeth Cady Stanton because she was the most well known suffragist and the time. She believed this would help the cause.

After this, she focused on furthering the cause of suffrage through writing. She became the editor of the NWSA newspaper National Citizen and Ballot Box. She wrote about suffrage, the treatment of female prisoners, prostitution, the plight of Native Americans, and the role of Christianity in the oppression of women. These writings became the basis of many NWSA policies. She began writing a in 1881. She also helped write a revised version of the Bible called The Women’s Bible. She also wrote a book called Woman, Church, and State that discussed the oppression of women by the Christian Church.

In 1889, the NWSA merged with the AWSS to created the National-American Woman Suffrage Association. She thought the NWSA was making too many ideological compromises in this merger. She launched her own organization called the Women’s National Liberal Union. They supported things like the abolition of prayer in public schools, prison reform, and the creation of labor unions.

Many other member of the suffrage movement did not approve of her actions and felt they hurt the cause. They publically condemned her efforts and even removed all references of to her from the fourth volume of the History of Woman Suffrage. This caused her to be ignored by many later historians.

She was forced to retire from reform activities in her later years because of her declining health. She moved to Chicago to live with her daughter. She died on March 18, 1898 of a brain embolism. She was a significant leader in the fight for not only women’s rights but other social reforms her whole life.

Profile in Courage: Rose Winslow

26 Aug

Rose Winslow, born a citizen of Poland under the name of Ruza Wenclawska, immigrated to the United States with her parents when she was just an infant. She grew up in a working class family; her father worked in coal mines and steel factories. By the time she was eleven years old Rose was working in a textile factory. She lived and worked in New York City, eventually becoming a union organizer as well as a factory inspector. When she was nineteen she had a bout with tuberculosis which kept her from working for two years and would later cause her to collapse of exhaustion after speaking at protests.

She became involved in the Women’s Suffrage Movement when she joined the National Women’s Party. Once a member she actively took part in protests, picketing, and spoke to numerous crowds. During her involvement, Rose was imprisoned twice, once at Occoquan Workhouse and second at the DC jail. While in the DC jail she led a hunger strike alongside Alice Paul. They, like many other women of the suffrage movement, sacrificed their bodies and freedom for the goal of women’s suffrage.

Her journal, “Jailed for Freedom”, written about her time spent in prison was later reprinted in ink by Doris Stevens. She wrote of her horrible experiences in the prison during her hunger strike. She wrote, “One feels so forsaken when one lies prone and people shove a pipe down one’s stomach.” This statement, written about the force feedings that took place numerous times during these hunger strikes, documents the brutality faced by the women. As awful as her life must have been in these prisons, she was persistent and dedicated to her cause keeping her focus on future generations of women with the hopes that we would not have to suffer for our rights like she did. While in prison she spoke of her hopes, “All the officers here know we are making this hunger strike that women fighting for liberty may be considered political prisoners; we have told them. God knows we don’t want other women ever to have to do this over again.”

Rose Winslow spent some time in trade organization for women in the Women’s Trade Union League and the Consumer’s League. In her last three years when she was able to work she spent it campaigning for women’s suffrage. She also campaigned in anti-Democratic conventions with Lucy Burns, another advocate of women’s suffrage. Rose was an active spokeswoman in working women’s delegation to President Wilson. However, she is most well known for her involvement in the prison hunger strikes described above.

A final thought on women’s suffrage spoken by Rose Winslow. “I feel so happy doing my bit for decency. For our war, which is after all, real and fundamental.”

Hmm…

26 Aug

Saw this on Pinterest and had to share

Profile in Courage: Julia Ward Howe

26 Aug

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Julia Ward Howe was born in New York City during the year 1819. She grew up privileged and her name possessed great strength socially. Samuel, her father, was a very involved, successful Wall Street banker, and her mother, also named Julia, was a published poet who passed away during the birth of her seventh child. Raised in a wealthy environment, Julia Ward Howe managed to become educated, and she secretly became acquainted with impressive writers of that time.

Consumed by the death of her father and sister-in-law, Howe quickly betrothed Samuel Gridley, a man well recognized for his social work. After marrying, Howe settled into the role of domestic motherhood; however, that was not a position she willfully accepted. Gridley had expectations for his new wife. Along with controlling her behavior, Gridley also took control of Howe’s estate, and she did not possess control of what was left of her affairs until Gridley’s death in 1876.

Howe, desperate for independence and exploration, dealt with a suffering marriage. She was not allowed to work outside of the house, and this was very problematic. In 1852, the couple separated. During this time Howe behaved as though she was not married, ignoring her husband’s wishes and publishing some of her work, beginning with the anonymous collection of poems “Passion Flowers.” The poems themselves were not well liked by the public, but what the poetry represented and the idea of female publication was exciting to readers. Much of the poetry explained the relationship between Gridley and her. This caused Howe’s marital dilemmas to escalate, but she had uncovered a method of coping with her perpetual depression.

It was at this point in her life that Howe became an advocate for women’s rights, abolition, prison reform, and education. Through her work in these areas, Howe became affiliated with several of Boston’s elite. This helped her writing career. Gridley felt strong opposition to Howe’s work. Yet, he needed her. Howe participated as the author and editor of Gridley’s “The Commonwealth,” a short lived newspaper venture.

In 1861, Howe’s “Battle Hymn of the Republic” was published, bringing her instant celebrity. She was then one of the most famous women of the 19th century. Her work continued, but it was with the death of Gridley in 1876 that her new life began. From that point on, Howe was an impeccable force in women’s suffrage, utilizing her fame to bridge the gap between society and reform.

In addition to all this, Howe co-edited the Women’s Journal and created the American holiday Mother’s Day. She was the first woman inducted into the Society of Arts and Letters, and her biography, written by her children, won a Pulitzer Prize. Through her work as a suffragette, literature, and musical contributions, Howe became a female icon of the 19th century. Looking at her life, multiple men of stature applauded her, some even referring to Howe as “The Queen of America.” Howe passed away in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, having just reached her nineties in the year 1910.