Archive | Women in history RSS feed for this section

A Letter of Inspiration

11 Nov

I stumbled upon a letter written by W.E. B Du Bois to his daughter Yolande. This letter expresses some of the trials that Yolande may face in her years studying at Bedales school in England. These trials, I felt were still applicable today, thus I hope you enjoy and inquire such knowledge in your journey in becoming a “wonderful woman.”

Advertisements

Malala is my Hero

14 Oct

Many of us, Americans, take our rights for granite.  We are born with the right to freedom of speech and we just assume we have the right to speak out against anything unjust and typically there aren’t any consequences for our words. I could not imagine living in a country where if you speak your mind you are faced with death. After reading the article about the 14-year-old girl, Malala Yousufzai, who spoke out against the Taliban I was shocked. She wrote about how the Taliban restricts women especially when it came to education.

The young girl acted years above her age and understood she could face death when she wrote about her beliefs. Yousufzai was hunted down and the Taliban opened fire at her school. She was left seriously injured but awarded with the Pakistan’s first peace prize for her bravery.

Iron Jawed Angels

25 Sep

Image

Would you have sacrificed all that Alice Paul and the other women did? Is there any cause that you feel strongly
about? How far would you go to further that cause?

How would you feel if you did not have the right to vote today?

What has the right to vote brought to the lives of women? To the lives of men?

How would things be different today if women did not have the right to vote?

More Than Just a Pretty Face

23 Sep

https://i1.wp.com/allthingsd.com/files/2012/09/F10.08.2012.Promo3_-212x285.jpg Fortune Magazine’s October issue highlights women in the business world.
I have included the link to see who made the list. Also, I love the cover of the magazine.

link:  http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/most-powerful-women/2012/snapshots/1.html?iid=F_F500M

A League of Their Own

16 Sep

Has anyone seen the movie A League of Their Own? If not, it is definitely a film you should check out! It’s one of my personal favorites and they’ve been showing it on ABC Family all weekend! It’s also on Netflix right now! The film stars Tom Hanks and Geena Davis. The movie is basically a fictional account of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. The League was founded during WWII do compensate for some many male professional baseball players leaving for war. The goal was to keep baseball going, while the boys were at war, to keep the American people entertained. Some businessmen decided to become owners and started a baseball league for women. They story centers around two sisters and their experiences in the league. One thing that really struck me while watching the movie, that I never thought about before, is that this league was considered temporary and these players were disposable. Towards the end of the film, one of the owners comments that “he loves the girls in the league but that it’s too bad that he won’t need them anymore.” The manager of the league questions the meaning of this statement and the owner explains that the allies are winning the war and that the men will soon be back home to play baseball. When this happens, he won’t need the girls anymore. The manager is angered by this and argues that “We told American women that it was their patriotic duty to leave the kitchen and work in the factories. Now are we going to send them back to the kitchen?” The owner responds by saying “Should we send the men coming home from war to the kitchen?” The hard truth is that women were sent back to the home and kitchen after WWII and socially suppressed. This caused widespread depression among women in the 1950’s. To me, it’s like they got a taste of independence and freedom and then it was all taken away! What are your thoughts on this? Do you think such an oppression could happen to American women today?

Here’s a link for the trailer!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CeRTEEUnaC0

 

Margaret’s Words of Wisdom

12 Sep

This is how Margaret Thatcher thinks about Women and Politics.

Margaret Thatcher was the first woman to hold the position of elected Prime Minister in England, in 1979. She held the position for three terms then resigned in 1991; she was feeling the repercussions of unpopular policy and tension within her party. In addition, Thatcher occupied a seat in the House of Commons in 1959,  parliamentary under secretary for pensions and national insurance in 1961, secretary of state for education and science in  1970, and was leader of the Conservative Party in 1975 until she made history in 1979, receiving a position she believed a woman wouldn’t occupy in her lifetime.

The New Woman in the 1920’s

28 Aug

This is a reel of film clips that show what life was like in the 1920’s. It shows a lot of ways that women changed in dress, attitude, etc. in the 20’s just thought it was interesting.     http://youtu.be/684n8FO68LU

 

 

Aside

hgggi…

27 Aug

PROFILE IN COURAGE: ANNA HOWARD SHAW

PROFILE IN COURAGE: Abby Scott Baker

27 Aug

Abby Scott Baker, of Washington, D.C., came from a multi-generational military family. She was one of Alice Paul’s earliest associates and helped Paul and Burns plan their first major event–the March 3, 1913, national suffrage parade on the eve of Woodrow Wilson’s inauguration. She served as treasurer of the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage (CU) in 1914 and quickly became one of the most effective lobbyists for both the CU and its successor, the National Woman’s Party (NWP).

Baker traveled the country as part of the CU’s “Suffrage Special” train tour of western states in April-May 1916. The envoys set off with fanfare from Union Station in Washington, D.C., and Baker was in charge of handling the press for the tour. The support that she helped raise from women in states that had already granted women’s suffrage culminated in a June 1916 meeting in Chicago to form what was at first called the Woman’s Party of Western Voters, or Woman’s Party, for short (later, the NWP). When the NWP was more formally organized in relation to the CU in March 1917, Baker was elected to the NWP executive committee and served as its press chairman (1917-18) and political chairman (1917; 1919-21).

Baker was among the first demonstrators to picket the White House; she was arrested in September 1917 and sentenced to 60 days in the Occoquan Workhouse. In February-March 1919, she served as publicity manager and speaker for the “Prison Special,” a three-week lecture tour by NWP activists who spoke to packed audiences about their jail experiences in an effort to generate support for the suffrage cause.

Baker was an important lobbyist during the key years (1917-20) that the NWP pressured for passage of what became the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Known as the diplomat of the NWP, Baker was a significant presence in the organization’s ongoing tactic of asserting personal influence upon leading authorities in public and private life. When the NWP’s patriotism was challenged, she reminded critics that her three sons were fighting in World War I. In the midst of the ratification process for the 19th Amendment, Baker was among the NWP members who attended the Democratic National Convention of 1920 in San Francisco and successfully brokered a pro-suffrage plank as part of the party platform. She subsequently lobbied the presidential candidates from both political parties, James M. Cox and Warren G. Harding, to support the women’s rights cause.

After suffrage was achieved, Baker became a member of the NWP’s Committee on International Relations and the Women’s Consultative Committee of the League of Nations. She also represented the NWP at the League’s 1935 international conferences in Geneva where the issue of equal rights was discussed.

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/suffrage/nwp/profiles4.html

A woman sitting at a desk, reading a paper.

Victoria Woodhull

27 Aug

The woman suffrage movement accomplished the goal of allowing woman the right to vote when the 19th Amendment was passed in 1920. However, if it weren’t for prominent woman role models such as Susan B. Anthony and Victoria Woodhull who knows how long it would have took for the Amendment to pass.

Victoria Woodhull made an impact on the woman’s suffrage movement by accomplishing multiple “firsts.” Woodhull was the first woman to operate a brokerage firm on Wall Street and the first woman to start a weekly newspaper. Woodhull’s well known for being the first woman to be a Presidential candidate for the United States. Woodhull soapbox for presidency included topics of “free love” and gender equality. Not only are her accomplishments impressive, her story is a true rag to riches tale.

Victoria was born in Ohio in 1838 and lived with ten other siblings. For a woman that was famous for her intelligence, surprisingly her schooling was limited, with only three years of formal education she was removed when her father was being charged for fraud and arson. At age 14 she met 28-year-old Canning Woodhull, a doctor from Rochester, New York who was treating her for a chronic illness. She was married to him a year later but discovered her was a womanizer as well as an alcoholic. She divorced Canning after bearing two children and kept his last name. In 1866 Victoria married for a second time to Colonel James Harvey Blood but divorced ten years later.

Woodhull made a fortunate when her and her sister, Tennessee, became the first women stockbrokers on Wall Street. The sisters invested their money into a weekly paper, Woodhull & Claflin’s Weekly, primarily to use it as a tool for Victoria’s race for presidency. The paper would highlight controversial and taboo issues such as sex education, licensed prostitution, and vegetarianism. Woodhull argued that women already had the right to vote due to the 14th and 15th Amendment and needed to know how to use it.

“[W]omen are the equals of men before the law, and are equal in all their rights.”-Victoria Woodhull (Encyclopedia).

Woodhull was nominated for the President of the United States by the Equal Rights Party on May 10,1872. Then they nominated Frederick Douglas for Vice President, but he never acknowledged the nomination, which made her the first woman candidate. She was known for her support of “free love” which was a belief that marriage, divorce and child bearing should not have any government interference.
Only a few days before the election, she published a scandal in her weekly newspaper. Victoria exposed a renowned preacher, Henry Beecher for committing adultery. According to A History of the National Woman’s Rights Movement for Twenty Years Victoria, Victoria was arrested and tried for libel, or obscene information, violating the Comstock Law. She spent election night in jail.

Some historians still debate if Woodhull was truly the first woman to run for presidency. Some factors they emphasize: the government never printed her name on the ballot (the Equal Party printed it, but not the Federal Government), she was younger than 35 (wasn’t as significant in the 19th Century), didn’t receive electoral/popular votes (claim she received popular votes that were not counted), and she was a woman (women couldn’t legally vote until 1920). Regardless of the debate Woodhull made an impact on the woman suffrage movement and remained active until she died in 1927.